Today is a very auspicious day in our Gaudiya Vaisnava Sampradaya. When Caitanya Mahaprabhu was a boy, He had the association of His brother, Visvarupa, who was a manifestation of Nityananda Prabhu. He was a manifestation of Baladeva Prabhu. Visvarupa used to study in the Sanskrit school of Advaita Acarya, which was very nearby. He was very beautiful. He was young, and so intelligent. He was very humble, and obedient student. He was very much loved by His parents. He was very obedient to His parents, and teacher.
At that time, the mayavada (impersonalist) philosophy had spread everywhere. The axioms, “Aham-brahmasmi, sarvam-khalv-idam-brahma,” were uttered everywhere. The Gita, and Bhagavat were not spoken in the light of bhakti. The teachers, and preachers used to say, “You should consider yourself to be brahma, or God.” The whole world was covered by this idea. People didn’t know what pure bhakti was. They were unaware of this fact. No one used to worship Tulasi-devi, and no one used to chant harinama. Everyone were absorbed in karma-kanda (the section of the Vedas concerning rituals).
But, along with studying Sanskrit, Visvarupa Prabhu would also listen to Advaita Acarya’s explanations on the Gita, and Bhagavat. He used to learn pure devotion to Krsna there. During those times, everyone would explain the Gita, and Bhagavata from a mayavada perspective. But He was against this—He only wanted to learn suddha-bhakti, pure devotion to Krsna. At that time, Caitanya Mahaprabhu was known as ‘Nimai.’ He was of very little age; He was nine or ten years old.
He used to go to the school and tell His brother, “Mother is calling You because the time for taking prasadam is going to be over.”
He would catch Visvarupa Prabhu’s cloth, and playfully look at Advaita Acarya with crooked eyes. Advaita Acarya would wonder, “Who is this boy? He is so beautiful. No one has ever attracted me in my whole life. Seeing this boy, prema swells unlimitedly. Who is this boy? How can He bewilder me? He is stealing my heart.”
After glancing at Advaita Acarya, Nimai seemed to tell him, “You called Me from Goloka Vaikuntha, and you cannot identify Me now? I came only for you. When you started calling Me, My throne started shaking. Therefore, You are called Nada (he who called Narayana). I was sleeping, but you called Me. I left and came here. But you cannot recognize Me.”
After sometime, Visvarupa Prabhu thought, “My whole tattva (Nityananda Prabhu) is coming. Therefore, I will have to give up My act, and merge into Nityananda Prabhu. I should take sannyasa and leave.”
Plans for His marriage were being made. Someone said, “It is time to get Visvarupa married. He is 22 years old. He should marry, and beget children. There are no children in the house.”
Someone else said, “Who is the most beautiful lady to whom He should get married to?”
Visvarupa Prabhu offered His obeisances, and left home forever at midnight. He knew that this world is not a peaceful, or a happy place. He had no attraction to wealth, or women.
He thought, “All things are mortal—our bodies are also mortal. One day, we will have to be old. So many sufferings will come, and at last we will have to give up this body. Everything will remain here. We cannot take a single farthing, or anything with us. We don’t know where we will go. We don’t know where we have come from. So, I should give up this world. I should give up My parents, and everyone else. And, I should go and take sannyasa anywhere. After that, I will only do bhajana. I will not marry. But if I am here, I will have to marry. And then, I cannot do bhajana.”
When He started to leave home, His consciousness became fixed on Nimai Pandita. He thought, “How can I leave home? I can leave My parents; but how can I leave My younger brother? My mind is always drawn to Him. I can leave everything—but how can I leave My younger brother? I can leave everything easily—but how can I leave My younger brother? I cannot live for a moment without Nimai. What should I do?”
He began to weep and at last He decided that “I should give up this world.” And, He gave up everything and went to South India, where He took sannyasa. Caitanya Mahaprabhu, or His father then no longer received any news from Him. So, he took sannyasa on this day. This day is called, “Visvarupa-kaula.”
When Mahaprabhu became older, He thought, “Where is My brother?”
Mahaprabhu would always weep while thinking about His brother. Mahaprabhu also left home and took sannyasa. He left His aged mother, and newly-wed wife at home. They had no wealth, or property. Their home was penniless. There was nothing in their home. His wife’s name was Visnupriya; she had no children. They were helpless; there was no one to look after them at home. How would they sustain themselves? But, Caitanya Mahaprabhu became ‘mad’ and left home.
Earlier, Nimai Pandita (Mahaprabhu) went to Gaya and met His Gurudeva, Sri Isvara Puripada. He received the Krsna-mantra from him, and He also became mad after Krsna. He would always cry out, “Where is Krsna? Where is Krsna? Where is Krsna?”
After taking sannyasa, Mahaprabhu went to Puri. He then went to search for His brother in South India. He wanted to know what became of His brother. So, He told the devotees in Puri, “I am going to search for My brother. Also, there are many pilgrimage places in the South. I am going to have darsana of all these places.” But this was not the real fact. Mahaprabhu knew everything i.e. Visvarupa Prabhu had entered into Nityananda Prabhu after taking sannyasa.
On this excuse, Mahaprabhu went to Pandarapura. This place is in Maharastra, near Pune. Visvarupa Prabhu had taken sannyasa there. The Bhima river is present there. We went to this place with our Gurudeva, Nitya Lila Pravista Om Visnupada Sri Srimad Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Gosvami Maharaja. We also went to the place where Caitanya Mahaprabhu searched for His brother. This place was the place where Visvarupa Prabhu left this world. Mahaprabhu discovered this place. Mahaprabhu also came to know of the personality who offered sannyasa to Visvarupa Prabhu.
And then, Mahaprabhu shaved His head like how we have done after knowing of His brother’s departure to Goloka Vrndavana. He then offered some remnants of mahaprasada to His brother according to Vaisnava practices. While journeying in South India, Mahaprabhu turned all the residents there into Vaisnavas.
So, this day is called “Visvarupa-kaula.” On this day, Caitanya Mahaprabhu shaved Himself. Visvarupa Prabhu entered Nityananda Prabhu, and Nityananda Prabhu is Baladeva Prabhu Himself—akhanda-guru-tattva (the undivided principle of Sri Guru). Thus, Nityananda Prabhu also played the role of Visvarupa Prabhu because He is akhanda-guru-tattva. You should not think that Visvarupa Prabhu died. A Vaisnava never dies—he is eternal like Krsna. But, he followed nara-lila (human-like pastimes) like how Mahaprabhu followed. A bonafide Guru does not die or take birth. But he plays the role of nara-lila—like Krsna, or Rama.
We know that Gurudeva never dies, but separation comes. We know that Srimati Radhika, the gopis, Vrajavasis like Nanda Baba and the others were feeling separation. They were omniscient, but yet they felt separation. But their separation was not like the sorrow, or separation felt by worldly people. We feel separation, and sadness when distanced from someone in this world. But the Vaisnavas are not affected by such sadness. Therefore, Visvarupa Prabhu didn’t die; Sri Guru doesn’t die. This should be understood. What is the greatest form of sadness? Separation from devotees is the greatest form of sadness. So, why should separation be felt if the devotees never die? By remembering their human-like pastimes, the devotees’ throats become choked. Therefore, it is called a viraha-mahotsava. Separation is felt.
Don’t think, “No separation was felt between Radha and Krsna.”
We should not think like this. So, today is a very holy day. Therefore, I spoke a little on this day. I was told to not speak much. All of you should do bhajana. There is nothing to give and take in samsara. You should understand this properly. Those who have married and have earned money, have become old. Yet, they are never happy. They are beset by a million problems. And, those who haven’t married, and don’t have wealth are also sad. Our Prime Minister is now going to prison. How happy he is! Isn’t he? All the big leaders are being imprisoned.
Therefore, where is happiness in this world? There is no happiness in this world. Understanding this, you should do bhajana from now. Don’t do bhajana only externally. Only wearing a thilaka, and kanthi-mala will not do. You even come here to listen to harikatha, but if there is any problem, you suffer and cry out. You are quarrelling everyday at home—this is not bhajana. Sorrow, and sadness is inevitable in this world. You will also have to become old. But you should do bhajana regardless of any situation you are in. Or else, you cannot become happy.
You should know what mayavada is, what bhakti is, and which fruits are obtained by worshiping the different demigods. You should do Bhagavan’s bhajana from now. You should tolerate the happiness and distress of this world. Happiness, misery, profit, loss, victory, and defeat lack any degree of transcendence. Therefore, even if something is lost, have we lost anything spiritually? Understanding this, you should do Bhagavan’s bhajana.
Bhajana is a very internal subject. We should know that all the worldly things are mortal. No one is happy in this world. Only those who are sincerely doing bhajana will become happy in this world, otherwise not. So, we should try to do bhajana. I should not speak more because my cough and cold will go on. So, I am stopping my lecture here. All of you should try to do Bhagavan’s bhajana. How should bhajana be done? It should be done like how Caitanya Mahaprabhu appeared, and preached. It should be done in the line of our Guruvarga, consisting of personalities like Svarupa Damodara, Raya Ramananda, Rupa Gosvami, Sanatana Gosvami, Srila Jiva Gosvami, Raghunatha Das Gosvami, Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura, Srila Prabhupada Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, upto our Gurudeva. We should try to do bhajana like how they did in their lives. They are all the associates of Krsna.
If you sincerely serve and do Krsna-bhajana, not only outwardly, then Krsna will very soon appear in your heart, and you will be purified. The taste to do bhajana will automatically come. Everything will go away—all the offenses, and anarthas. We have so many things to do. Death is always here. We don’t know if we will die tomorrow or not. But yet, we are trying for so many things. Don’t try for anything—only try for Krsna-bhajana. The only problem is how can we get Krsna’s darsana? There is no other problem. Don’t make any other problem(s). Or else, you will have to writhe your hands and suffer. A person who does Bhagavan’s bhajana will always be happy.