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Śrī-govardhana-vāsa-prārthanā-daśakam, Verse 2

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blog-0386152001414838456.jpg“Ten prayers for residence at Govardhan Hill” from Stavāvali by Shrila Raghunath Das Goswami. The commentary is by Radha Kund Mahant Pandit Shri Shri Ananta Das Babaji Maharaj, with the translation of Advaita Dasji.

pramada-madana-līlāḥ kandare kandare te

racayati nava-yūnor dvandvam asminn amandam|

iti kila kalanārthaṁ lagnakas tad dvayor me

nija-nikaṭa-nivāsaṁ dehi govardhana tvam||2|

O Govardhan! The youthful couple of Radha Krishna play passionate erotic pastimes in every one of your caves and I have become very eager to witness them. Please allow me to live close to you!

Stavāmṛta Kaṇā Vyākhyā by Radha Kund Mahant Pandit Ananta Das Babaji Maharaj: Within Shrila Raghunath Das Goswami’s heart, illuminated by viśuddha sattva, the different glories of Shri Giriraj are revealed. The Lord personally said: mad-bhakta-pūjābhyādhikā, “The worship of my devotee is greater than my own worship” (Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 11.19.21). Therefore Shri Raghunath hopes to live near to the crown jewel of devotees, Shrila Giriraj, for the fulfillment of his sacred aspirations.

It is as if Govardhan were asking Raghunath Das Goswami: “Ohe Raghunath! If you are so anxiously revealing your aspiration to live close to me, then know that they can also be fulfilled by living close to me for just two or three days. Why do you want to stay here all the time? Don’t the scriptures say that simply by living in Vraja for just a single day one attains devotion to Hari (dinam ekaṁ nivāsena harau bhaktir prajāyate – Padma Purāṇa)? Therefore you can be blessed even by staying here for only two or three days!”

To this Shrila Dāsa Goswami replies: “Ohe Giriraj! I am not just eager to be blessed with the attainment of bhakti; I have still another desire that I want to submit to your lotus feet. In each and every one of your caves my Shyam and Shyama are constantly engaged in greatly intoxicating erotic pastimes!”

The saints say: sādhu sāvadhana! “Beware, O holy man! This is not mundane eros!”:

vṛndāvane aprākṛta navīna madana;

kāma gāyatrī, kāma bīje yāhāra upāsana

puruṣa yoṣit kibā sthāvara jaṅgama;

sarva cittākarṣaka sākṣān manmatha madana

“Krishna is Vrindavan’s transcendental youthful Cupid who is meditated upon by the Kāma-gāyatrī mantra with the Kāma bīja (seed of spiritual desire). He attracts everyone – men, women, moving and non moving beings, for He Himself agitates Cupid.” (C.C. Madhya 8)

Shrila Krishnadas Kaviraj writes in his Sāraṅga-raṅgadā commentary on verse 3 of Kṛṣṇa-karṇāmṛta (kāmāvatārāṅkuram):

prākṛtāprākṛta-kandarpa-nidāna-vṛndāvanābhinava-kandarpam ity arthaḥ,

āgamādau kāma-gāyatryā kāma-bījena ca tasya tad-rūpeṇopāsyatvāt.

koṭī-madana-vimohanāśeṣa-cittākarṣaka-sahaja-madhuratara-lāvaṇyāmṛtāpārārṇavena

mahānubhāva-cayenānubhūyamāna tat-tan-mahā-bhāva-nivahena

śrīman-madana-gopāla-rūpeṇādhunāpi vṛndāvane virājamānatvāc ca

This transcendental youthful Cupid of Vrindavan is the origin of all mundane and spiritual love gods, the origin (avatārī) of all the different manifest descensions (avatāra), and his worship has been prescribed by the Vedas through the Kāma Gāyatrī-mantra with the kāma-bīja. He enchants millions of Cupids and attracts everyone’s minds with his nectarean elegance, which is like a shoreless ocean, and in mahā-bhāva (the greatest divine love) for him this sweetness is fully experienced. He eternally resides in transcendental Vrindavan as Shriman Madana-Gopāla (“the beautiful Cupid as cowherd boy”). This transcendental youthful Cupid of Vrindavan is experienced through the fully blown mahā-bhāva, the quintessence of the supreme love of God, residing in the hearts of the Vrajadevis.

Hence, the Vedic scriptures and the great saints call the gopis’ love kāma (lust):

premaiva gopa-rāmānāṁ kāma ity āgamāt prathām

ity uddhavādayo’py etaṁ vāñchanti bhagavat-priyāḥ

Although the love of the gopīs is called lust, it is actually nothing else but pure love: This love is coveted even by the greatest lovers of the Lord, like Uddhava, but not attained by them. (Bhakti-rasāmṛta-sindhu 1.2.285,286)

This rarely attained thing has now become the practice and the goal of the Gaudiya Vaishnavas by the grace of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and the Gaudiya Vaishnava acharyas like Shrila Rupa and Raghunath Das Goswami have relished it and taught it to the sādhakas of this world. The jewelled caves of Govardhan Hill are very solitary and filled with all kinds of paraphernalia suitable for the love-pastimes of the Yugala Kishor, such as jewelled bedsteads, jewelled lamps, garlands, sandalwood pulp, betel nut, etc. Thus all these caves are suitable places for the Yugala Kishor’s greatly intoxicated confidential loving pastimes, which only take place in Vraja Mandal and nowhere else.

Shri Raghunath Das says: “O Giriraj! By living close to you, one becomes blessed by seeing and experiencing all the love-pastimes of Shri Shri Radha Madhava! You know that I am Shri Radhika’s maidervant and that I want to be blessed by seeing these incomparable loving pastimes and attaining the service of my Ishwari and her prāṇanātha! By living close to you I will see how my Ishwari fights beautiful and intense erotic battles with her prāṇanātha.”

rati-rase mātala atiśaya nāha; amiyā sarovare duhuṅ avagāha

sahaje niraṅkuśa nāgara rāja; tāhe manamatha nṛpa kautuka kāja

dṛḍha parirambhane ghana sītakāra; anukhana kiṅkiṇī koroye phukāra

kara gahi rākhi o yuga cakebā; daṁśaite sarasija bārabo kebā

kohe hari-ballabha sahacarī kule; dekhoi nibhṛte ulāsahi phule

They both plunged into a lake of nectar when they became greatly intoxicated by the flavors of love. Krishna, the nāgara-rāja, the king of amorous heroes, is naturally very wayward and King Cupid played many tricks on him. In Krishna’s firm embrace, Radhika uttered intense sighs and her waistbells were constantly jingling. Shri Krishna held both her breasts with his hands and bit her lips without hindrance. Hariballabha says to the sakhis and manjaris: “Behold the blossoming of their secret delight! When will I see my Ishwari falling on her Lord’s chest on their love-bed, perspiring and exhausted at the end of their erotic pastimes?”

śrama-jala-kaṇa-digdha-niṣpanda-mūrtir

galita-vasana-bhūṣākalpa-jalpa-prajalpā

priya-hṛdi patitāṅgī rādhikā mīlitākṣī

sthira-taḍid iva navyāmbhodhare sa vyarājīt

“Shri Radhika was exhausted from her erotic battle with her beloved and she fell on his chest. Her motionless body was beautified by sweatdrops of fatigue, her eyes were closed and her dress and ornaments had fallen off. While she exchanged loving words with him, she looked like a steady lightning strike on a fresh raincloud.” (Govinda-līlāmṛta 15.23)

The poet Govinda Das sings:

rati rasa charame, śyāma hiye śutali, śarada indumukhī bālā

marakata madane, koi janu pūjala, dei nava kāñcana mālā

śyāma vayāna pora, vayāna virājai, ura para kuca yuga sāje

kanaka kumbha janu, ulaṭi boisāyalo, madana mahodadhi mājhe

“This girl (Radhika), Whose face shines like the autumnmoon, lies on Śyāma’s chest after reaching the climax of Her loveplay. It is as if someone worships an emerald-coloured Cupid with a new golden necklace. She keeps Her face near Śyāma’s face and Her breasts, which resemble golden jugs lying upside-down in an ocean of eros, on his chest.”

joḍala tanu mana, bhuje bhuje bandhana, adharahi adhara miśāna

beḍalo mṛṇāle, hema nīlamaṇi janu, bāndhalo yuga eka ṭhāna

ghana saṅe dāminī, dukūle dukūle janu, duhuṅ jana eka paṭavāsa

caraṇa beḍhiyā cāru, aruṇa saroruha, madhukara govinda dāsa

“Their bodies and minds have merged, Their arms embrace each other and Their lips meet each other. Golden and sapphire lotus stems (Radha Krishna’s arms) entwine and bind each other. Shri Radhika looks like a lightning strike lying on a cloud. Both the lovers are covered with one mere silken garment. Govinda Dāsa is like a bee circling around their beautiful reddish lotus like feet.”

(Shrila Raghunath Das Goswami prays:) “O Giriraj! When will I see my master and mistress thus enjoying in your caves as soon as I obtained residence close to you? I will dry up Their sweatdrops by sweetly fanning Them (when They are tired of love making in the cool caves of Govardhan Hill) I will wash Their lotus like faces and hands with cold water from a golden jug, place delicious fresh betel leaves in Their mouths, put Their scattered anklebells and bangles back on Their wrists and feet, hang flower garlands around Their necks and anoint Their beautiful bodies with fragrant camphor and sandalwood pulp!”

govardhana girivara, kevala nirjana sthala, rāi kānu koribe śayane

lalitā viśākhā saṅge, sevana koribo raṅge, sukhamaya rātula caraṇe

kanaka sampūṭa kori, karpūra tāmbūla pūri, yogāibo vadana kamale

maṇimaya kiṅkiṇī, ratana nūpura āni, porāibo caraṇa yugale

kanaka kaṭorā pūri, karpūra candana bhari, kobe dibo du’janāra gāya

mallikā mālatī yūthi, nānā phule mālā gāṅthi, kobe dibo doṅhāra golāya

“There is a solitary place at Govardhan Hill where Rāi and Kānu lay down to rest and where I will serve their blissful ruddy lotus feet in the company of Lalitā and Viśākhā. I will fill up a golden box with camphor-laced betel leaves and place them in their lotus mouths and I will bring jewelled waistbells and anklebells and place them on their lotus feet. When will I fill up a golden box with camphor and sandalwood pulp and anoint their limbs with these unguents, and when will I string garlands of various flowers like mallikā, mālatī and yūthi, and hang them around their necks?” (Prārthanā)

This is the practice as well as the goal of the Gaudiya Vaishnavas! Their lives are filled with this aspiration. They meditate on all these devotional services during the stage of practice (sādhanā) and attain that service directly when they attain perfection (siddhi). The Goswamis are the Lord’s eternal associates that have descended to the world of sādhanā to teach devotional expertise to the Gaudiya Vaishnavas by giving the perfect example.

Shripāda Raghunath Das says: “O Govardhan! You are the mediator in the attainment of the perfection of rasa! You can make me so fortunate to be able to attain such fortune. Therefore you don’t have to do anything more than allowing me to stay at your base and this will bring my aspiration to its fulfillment. Therefore please bless me by granting me residence in your vicinity!”

pramada madana līlā kandare kandare;

koriteche nitya nava yugala kiśore

sei līlā daraśane ākula parāṇa;

tomāra nikaṭe śīghra vāsa koro dāna

“O Govardhan! The Yugala Kishor is performing intoxicating erotic pastimes in each of your caves, so please quickly grant me residence in your vicinity, for I am very anxious at heart to see these pastimes.”

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