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Shri Vraja Dhama

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Raghunath Goswami’s SND, Verse 5: Expressions of unwavering devotion

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Shri Raghunath Das Goswami is Shri Radha’s eternally perfect maidservant, therefore his love is also eternally perfect. He expresses this unconditional love in his Sva Niyama Dashakam, Verse 5:

anādiḥ sādir vā paṭur ati mṛdur vā pratipadaṁ
pramīlat kāruṇyaḥ praguṇa karuṇā hīna iti vā
mahā vaikuṇṭheśādhika iha naro vā vrajapater
ayaṁ sūnur goṣṭhe prati-jani mamāstāṁ prabhu-varaḥ

He may be beginningless or with a beginning, harsh or very tender, most compassionate or merciless, more opulent and powerful than the Lord of Vaikuṇṭha or just an ordinary human being – the son of the Lord of Vraja is always my worshipable Lord, birth after birth!

e133752e397b45643d7d1b237c699ea4-220x300Stavāmṛta Kaṇā Vyākhyā: In his sādhakāveśa the most earnest Shri Raghunath Das describes his loyalty to his worshipable deity Krishna, the embodiment of sweetness, here. In the Śruti-scriptures, Krishna is said to be the Original Personality of Godhead and the fountainhead of all Viṣṇu-avatāras like Shri Nārāyaṇa, but the people of Vraja, who are fixed in their sweet conception of him, don’t love him just because of seeing any such quality in him. Their love for Krishna is natural; it is not created by seeing some quality in him, it does not diminish by seeing some fault in him and it does not increase by seeing more prominent qualities in him.

This love arises naturally and is not dependent on virtues or faults at all. It is causeless and natural – doṣeṇa kṣayitāṁ guṇena gurutāṁ kenāpy anātanvatī premnaḥ svārasikasya kasyacid iyaṁ vikrīḍati prakriyā (Vidagdha Madhava). Such is the nature of the love of Vraja. Shri Raghunath Das is Shri Radha’s eternally perfect maidservant, therefore his love is also eternally perfect. Those who worship in the Vraja-mood are similarly fixed in Krishna in this way.

The beginningless perfect scripture Brahma-saṁhitā opens with Lord Brahmā declaring Krishna to be the fountainhead of all avatāras and the cause of all causes:

īśvaraḥ paramaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ sac cid ānanda vigrahaḥ
anādir ādir govindaḥ sarva kāraṇa kāraṇam

“Krishna is the supreme controller. Govinda’s body is transcendental, he has no origin, but he himself is the origin and the cause of all causes.” In the Bhagavad Gītā Krishna himself says: mattaḥ parataraṁ nānyat kiñcid asti dhanañjaya “O Arjuna! There’s no higher truth than Me!”

In the quintessence of the Vedānta, Srimad Bhāgavata, Mahāmuni Veda Vyāsa firmly establishes Krishna as the fountainhead of all avatāras like Lord Nārāyaṇa of Vaikuṇṭha by saying ete cāṁśa kalāḥ puṁsaḥkṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam: “All the aforementioned descensions are fractions or expansions of the original Lord, but Krishna is that Original Personality of Godhead.”

In this single verse Mahāmuni Veda-Vyāsa ascertained the basic truth of the whole Srimad Bhāgavata. Such basic truths are only uttered once in the scriptures and thereafter no more. Hence the verse kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam appears only once in the entire Srimad Bhāgavata. Therefore this verse is completely independent from whatever other truths Srimad Bhāgavata promulgates.

Just as a king proudly places his victory-flag above everyone’s head to show his supremacy, this verse proudly flutters above all the other verses of the Srimad Bhāgavata. This verse ascertains that the all-powerful supreme truth Krishna is not a fraction, but the whole, he is not a phase of the moon, but he is the full moon, he is not a puruṣa (a mere man), but he is Puruṣotta¬ma (the supreme person) and he is not the Lord, but he is the Original Lord. He is the original abode of all the forms of Godhead and Their potencies like majesty and sweetness.

images-2.jpg&key=581d4b28ccc4773b3567841Because of all this he is naturally also the most merciful Personality of Godhead. rasika śekhara kṛṣṇa parama karuṇa (CC) “Krishna is the king of relishers and he is most compassionate”. Although all the forms of God are endowed with the quality of compassion, Krishna is most merciful because he bestows sweet Vraja-prema upon the people. Although Krishna, who is the supreme Brahman appearing in a human form, is endowed with all opulence, prowess and attributes, the people of Vraja don’t love him because they see all these virtues in him. Their hearts naturally float in an ocean of love for Krishna simply by coveting his sweetness. Therefore Shri Raghunath Das firmly vows to worship Krishna without bothering about all his qualities, saying: “he may be beginningless or with a beginning, very expert or clumsy, most compassionate or merciless, more opulent and powerful than the Lord of Vaikuṇṭha or just an ordinary human being – the son of the Lord of Vraja is always my worshipable Lord, birth after birth!”

anādira ādi yini, vṛndāvana līlābhūmi,
avatārī svayaṁ bhagavān
ādira sahita vartamāna,prati kṣaṇe prakāśamāna
kāruṇya-śālī guṇavān

“The beginningless and primeval fountainhead of all avatāras, the most compassionate and qualified Lord, is always manifest in his Vrindavan playground, where his pastimes have a beginning”.

sarvatra sunipuṇa, bhūṣita vividha guṇa,
kiṁvā tiṅho kāruṇya vihīna
paravyoma adhipati, nārāyaṇa hoite khyāti,
kiṁvānara mātrai haun

“he may be most expert and adorned with all attributes or he may be bereft of all mercy. He may be more glorious than the Lord of Vaikuṇṭha, Lord Viṣṇu, or he may be just an ordinary human being.”

nanda suta boli yāra,sakalei gāna kore,
sei kṛṣṇa vrajendra-nandana
janme janme vṛndāvane, e lālasā mora mane,
śrī govinda prabhu-vara haun

“May Shri Govinda, who is glorified by everyone as the son of Vraja’s king Nanda, always be my only Lord in Vrindavan, birth after birth. This is the desire on my mind.”

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