Shrila Bhaktivedanta Narayana Gosvami Maharaj
Shri Kesavaji Gaudiya Matha: August 27, 2009, evening
[In 2007, in honor of Shri Radhastami, Shrila Bhaktivedanta Narayana Gosvami Maharaj gave two discourses on the glories of Shrimati Radhika; one on the eve of Radhastami and one on the following morning. Shrila Maharaj spoke in his mother tongue, Hindi, and his words were simultaneously translated by Akhilesh dasa Adhikari into the headphones of the English speaking devotees in the audience. This is his discourse of Radhastami eve. ]
Shri Krishna was present at VamShivata, the place of the rasa dance, but He was not happy. He wanted to perform loving pastimes but He was all alone. Shrimati Radharani then appeared from His left side, and Sankara (Shiva), Shri Gopishvara, appeared from His right side as guru-tattva. Radha ran to Krishna with great pleasure. Ra is for anuragi, meaning ‘deep spiritual loving attachment,' and dha is for dhavati, which means ‘to run very fast, with great eagerness.' Krishna worshiped that very Radha, and therefore Her name became Radhika.
When Krishna first appeared in Gokula, Narada came for His darsana and thought, "Krishna never appears alone; His hladini-sakti must also have been born."
In the meantime, Vrishabhanu Maharaj was staying in Raval, where he daily took bath in the river Yamuna. One day, fifteen days after the birth of Lord Krishna, just after taking his bath, Vrishabhanu Maharaj saw a thousand-petaled lotus flower in the Jamuna. In the middle of that lotus flower was a beautiful baby girl sucking Her thumb and moving Her hands and legs. Seeing Her, he immediately picked Her up, took Her in his arms, brought Her to his wife Kirtika, and placed Her on Kirtika's lap. Not many people know Radhika as the daughter of Kirtika-devi; they mostly know Her as the dear daughter of Vrishabhanu Maharaj.
Just after the appearance of that baby girl, Narada went to Vrishabhanu Maharaj's home and inquired from him, "Has there been any child born of you?"
Vrishabhanu Maharaj replied, "Yes, a son called Shridama."
Narada then blessed Shridama and asked, "Has there been any child born more recently?"
Vrishabhanu Maharaj replied, "Yes, a few days ago a daughter was born; I was blessed with a daughter."
Narada asked Vrishabhanu Maharaj, "May I see your daughter? I want to do Her chart and bless Her. I will describe Her future qualities. Please gather candana, Yamuna water, and other paraphernalia so that I can perform a ceremony to bless Her."
Vrishabhanu Maharaj then went inside the house and Narada entered a trance of meditation. While he was meditating, that baby girl manifested an exquisite youthful form. Lalita and Visakha were also present, and Lalita told him, "Why are you continuing to meditate; stand up and offer your obeisances."
Narada then received a one-moment darsana of Radhika, but because his thirst to see Her was not quenched, he went to Narada-kunda and performed austerities for thousands of years, without eating, and continually chanting Radha mantra-japa. At that time Radharani appeared to Him, gave him Her service, and he became Naradiya gopi. We know these details from sastra.
Shrimad-Bhagavatam states, "Ete camsa-kalah pumsah Krishnas tu bhagavan svayam – Krishna is the original Supreme Personality of Godhead." Although Shri Krishna is the supreme worshipful Lord of all, He Himself worships Shri Radha. The aim of the author, Shrila Vyasadeva, in manifesting Shrimad-Bhagavatam was to describe Shri Krishna's pastimes with Shrimati Radhika and to establish Her glories. Shrila Sanatana Gosvami and Shrila Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura say that rasa-lila, the most exalted pastime in Shrimad-Bhagavatam, was performed for the sake of Shrimati Radhika. Krishna personally told Her, "It is for You that I reside in Vraja."
sata-koti gopi madhava-man
rakhite narilo kori jatan (verse 11 of Varaja-vipine)
["Millions of cowherd damsels are unable to please the mind of Madhava although endeavoring to do so."
"The flute song calls the name of Radhika – ‘Come here, come here, Radhe!' Syama calls out in the night. (verse 12)
"When the Shri-rasa-mandala comes to a halt in search of Beloved Radha He then goes. (verse 13)
"Please appear, O Radhe! Kindly save My life!" calling out while weeping Kan in the forest. (verse 14)
"In a secluded grove embracing Radhika regaining His life and soul, Hari is relieved. (verse 15)
"Saying, ‘Without You, where is the rasa dance? Only because of You do I live in Vraja." (verse 16)
"At the lotus feet of such a Radhika this Bhaktivinoda says weeping, (verse 17)
"'Among Your personal associates please count me also; making me Your maidservant keep me as Your own.'" (verse 18)]
Even though millions of gopis were also present in the arena of rasa, they could not attract Krishna's mind when Radhika disappeared from rasa-lila. Radharani first disappeared from the rasa-lila, in maan; Krishna did not disappear from there alone. He left the rasa dance to search for Her. Very worried and crying, "Radhe Radhe," He finally found Her.
The other gopis, who had left the rasa dance to search for Krishna, now saw two sets of footprints. One set was Krishna's footprints, and the other, smaller and more delicate set belonged to a lady.
Lalita and Visakha and the other gopis of Shri Radha's party, who had been searching both Radha and Krishna, knew that this second set of footprints belonged to Shrimati Radhika. Very pleased, they thought, "Oh, Krishna is not alone; He has taken our prana-priya (dearmost) sakhi with Him. At the same time, however, they were sad, thinking, "We can't serve Her now, because we are not with Her."
The other gopis, those who are not in Radha's party, uttered this verse:
bhagavan harir isvarah
yan no vihaya govindah
prito yam anayad rahah
["Certainly this particular gopi has perfectly worshiped the all-powerful Personality of Godhead, Govinda, since He was so pleased with Her that He abandoned the rest of us and brought Her to a secluded place." (Shrimad-Bhagavatam, 10.30.28)]
"Oh, this girl who is with Krishna is so fortunate. Krishna has taken Her and has thus broken our pride (saubhagya-mada)." They understood that this girl was superior to them: "She had surely served Narayana and pleased Him, and due to Narayana's blessing upon Her, Krishna took Her alone." Thus, Radhika is the topmost of all of Krishna's beloveds, and rasa-lila was performed in order to establish Her superiority. It was performed for Her pleasure.
After all the gopis sang their song of separation, Krishna appeared to them and uttered this verse:
na paraye 'ham niravadya-samyujam
sva-sadhu-krtyam vibudhayusapi vah
ya mabhajan durjara-geha-srnkhalah
samvrscya tad vaù pratiyatu sadhuna
["I am not able to repay My debt for your spotless service, even within a lifetime of Brahma. Your connection with Me is beyond reproach. You have worshiped Me, cutting off all domestic ties, which are difficult to break. Therefore, please let your own glorious deeds be your compensation. (Shrimad-Bhagavatam, 10.32.22)]
"Oh gopis, for My sake you left your shyness, the instructions of your superiors, and your lives as householders, which were meant to keep you bound. By your saintly nature, may you free Me from My debt."
One of the ways in which Radhika pleases Krishna is by entering into the loving stage called maan, Her sulky mood of affectionate jealous anger towards Him. Sometimes Her maan has no external cause, and sometimes it has a cause. The vipaksa (rival) gopis headed by Candravali criticize Radharani by saying, "She doesn't feel ashamed or shy to do maan? I don't want to see Her face." On the other hand, Radhika criticizes Candravali, "Candravali knows nothing about pleasing a beloved. She doesn't know how to do maan." Candravali's affection for Krishna is grta-sneha, very smooth. Radhika's affection is madhu-sneha, like madhu, honey, which is smooth and also sweet. Candravali's affection is compared with ghee, which needs sugar to become sweet, but madhu is sweet on its own.
The stages of Radhika's love are adiruddha, mohan and madan mahabhava. These stages of love are so elevated that Krishna Himself cannot experience them. Therefore, in order relish them, Krishna appears in Shri Navadvipa dhama, along with His associates, in the form of Shri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. For this same purpose, Mahaprabhu went to see Shri Raya Ramananda at Godavari and asked him many questions.
In Shri Krishna's pastimes, Raya Ramananda is Visakha-devi, Radharani's gopi friend, who understands all of Radharani's moods. This very same Visakha, in the form of Raya Ramananda, trained Mahaprabhu in realizing these moods. After their meeting, Mahaprabhu told him, "I am so pleased; this is why I came. My desires are now fulfilled. Please come to Jagannatha Puri and help Me there."
Tomorrow morning we will sing the glories of Radha and perform abhiseka (Her bathing ceremony). We will also offer puspanjali (the flowers of our hearts) by describing Her glories in detail. Then we will go out with nagara sankirtana to householder devotees' homes to collect gifts for Shrimati Radhika, as we do every year. Then we will return to the Matha, with kirtana, and bring all the presents to the altar. Then we will all sit together and participate in kirtana in the Matha.