Kesavaji Gaudiya Math, Mathura, India
A Lecture On Bhramara-Gita
August 10, 2001
Translation: Uma devi dasi
It is stated in Shrimad Bhagavatam, 10.47.15:
divi bhuvi ca rasayam kah striyas tad-durapah
kapata-rucira-hasa-bhru-vijrmbhasya yah syuh
carana-raja upaste yasya bhatir vayam ka
api ca krpana-pakse hy uttamah-sloka-sabdah
["In heaven, on earth, or in the subterranean sphere, what women are unavailable to Him? He simply arches His eyebrows and smiles with deceptive charm, and they all become His. The supreme goddess herself worships the dust of His feet, so what is our position in comparison? But at least those who are wretched can chant His name, Uttamah-sloka." (BBT)]
This verse contains speech known as ujjalpa, as described in Ujjvala-nilamani (14.188): ["The declaration of Hari's duplicitous nature in a mood of spite born of pride, together with jealously spoken insults directed against Him, has been termed ujjalpa by the wise."]
Ujjalpa is also mentioned in Chaitanya Charitamrta: ["Imaginative mad talks, known as chitra-jalpa, can be divided into ten categories: prajalpa, parijalpa, vijalpa, ujjalpa, sanjalpa, avajalpa, abhijalpa, ajalpa, pratijalpa and sujalpa. There are no English equivalents for these different features of jalpa, imaginative talk." (Madhya 23.61)]
Shrimati Radhika is the crest-jewel of Krishna's beloveds, and She is now speaking chitra-jalpa. Within chitra-jalpa, She is speaking kataksa, sarcasm, as She criticizes the ladies of Mathura. Sent by Krishna to Vrndavana from Mathura, Uddhava witnesses Her madness in separation, and, kneeling at a distance, he thinks, "How can Shrimati Radhika blame Krishna so severely? We know that Krishna is always in sorrow and pain, chanting the names 'Radha! Radha! Radha! He has sent me only to pacify His grief. Besides that, the Mathura ladies are very chaste."
Shrimati Radhika continued, as if addressing Uddhava's doubt, "Why am I criticizing? Yes, I agree that the Mathura ladies are chaste. At the same time, we know that Krishna can easily get any girl in the heavens, earth, and subterranean heavenly planets. All are completely attracted by His beauty, smile, and dancing eyebrows. Any chaste lady will become an innocent victim of His duplicity (kapatata), fall into His trap, and be easily available to Him. Even the birds and other animals change their natures.
["Seeing Your face encircled by curling locks of hair, Your cheeks beautified by earrings, Your lips full of nectar, and Your smiling glance, and also seeing Your two imposing arms which take away our fear, and Your chest, which is the only source of pleasure for the goddess of fortune, we must become Your maidservants." (Shrimad Bhagavatam: 10.29.39)]
"Seeing Your curly locks and glance, and also Your two imposing arms, we lose all fear and become your maidservants. We take maintenance from others, but we give all our love to You, though You never gave us a farthing.
"It is not surprising that chaste ladies reverse their nature because of Krishna. All living beings do so. The trees and their wives, the creepers and their children., the leaves and flowers, all welcome Him as all family members welcome a sadhu. Even the birds and peacocks become stunned and forget to speak. They close their eyes like munis, sit in the trees, and reverse their nature.
"We did not want to see Him, but He forcibly showed Himself to us, and now we have lost everything. We lost all our fear of our guru-jana (superiors), and we also lost our shyness. We see that even Laksmi, who lives in the heart of Narayana, became attracted when she saw Krishna's beautiful face. She left Narayana and came to Vraja, and still now she is performing severe austerities at Baelvana to enter the rasa dance. This is all due to the beauty of Krishna.
"Prema is like a golden pot filled with poison, with a thin layer of very good milk on the top. Krishna has unparalleled beauty, aisvarya and madhurya. He is, in fact, the treasury of all three, and His beauty can drown the universe and attract all, including Himself." When He saw His own beauty in a jewelled reflection, He wanted to embrace Himself as Radharani does.
"Krishna is famous as Uttama-sloka, one who gives mercy to the destitute. But do you see that Krishna has this quality? No. He is very cruel, deceitful, and dishonest. No one in the world is like Him."
At this time, hearing Radhika speak, Uddhava thought, "What is She saying? Krishna creates and destroys the worlds, and She is so severely criticizing Him?" Uddhava had only come for this reason; to hear Shrimati Radhika and the other gopis speak in the madness of loving separation. Krishna doesn't care for stavas and stutis, the eloquent prayers of the sages and demigods sung in awe and reverence for His greatness. He is not even fully controlled by Mother Yasoda and the sakhas, for even they can't criticize Krishna like this. However, Krishna is so pleased to come in the form of a bee, just to hear this 'abuse.'
Shrimati Radhika continued, "Why do we abuse Him? Because it was for Him that we lost everything. We lost the advantages attained by our two kulas (dynasties), in this world and in paraloka, heaven, and instead we are going to hell. Because we loved Krishna as a paramour, we lost all spiritual and material things. It is not therefore not possible for Him to be Uttama-sloka."
Lord Brahma cannot imagine all this.
So this is Ujjalpa and it consists of calumny (slander or false accusations) and asuya, jealous pride.