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  1. From the album: Krishna-lila in Vraj : Кришна-лила во Врадже

    Поклонение Сурье В дневное время гопи во главе с Радхарани приходят к Радха-кунде поклоняться богу солнца Сурье. Для Радхи это предлог уйти из дому, чтобы встретиться с Возлюбленным. В действительности, это Кришна превращается в Сурью и принимает дары девочек. Он также переодевается в брахмана Вишва Шарму, который вместе с Мадхумангалом играет роль священнослужителя. Продолжение истории
  2. History of appearance of Shri Shri Radharaman Deity История явления божества Шри Шри Радхарамана
  3. History of appearance of Shri Shri Radharaman Deity История явления божества Шри Шри Радхарамана
  4. Шри Кришна Чайтанья, который неотличен от Кришны во Врадже, в разговоре со Шри Нитьянандой около 500 лет назад показал ему свои различные формы в разных воплощениях (Кришна с флейтой, Вишну, Рама). Также известно, что однажды тот же самый Кришна Чайтанья в узком кругу по просьбе своих спутников проявил форму Нарасимхадева. Из Кришна-лилы (5000 лет назад) мы также знаем, как однажды Кришна прятался от гопи (пастушек) в кустах и принял четырехрукую форму Нараяны, чтобы гопи, которые хотели видеть только Кришну, не обратили на него внимания. Личные отношения возможны с любой формой Бхагавана и с несколькими из них, так как все формы Бога обладают личностными (индивидуальными) качествами. Чайтанья Чаритамрита, Ади 17.13: "Однажды Господь Чайтанья Махапрабху явил Господу Нитьянанде Прабху Свою шестирукую форму, держащую в руках раковину, диск, булаву, лотос, лук и флейту." Чайтанья Чаритамрита, Ади 17.14: "Затем Господь явил Ему четырехрукий образ. Тело Его было изогнуто в трех местах. Двумя руками Он играл на флейте, а в двух других держал раковину и диск." Чайтанья Чаритамрита, Ади 17.15: "И в самом конце Господь явил Нитьянанде Прабху Свой двурукий образ: образ Кришны, сына Махараджи Нанды. Он был облачен в желтые одежды, играл на флейте, и Его тело было темно-синего цвета." Каши Мишре около 500 лет назад Кришна Чайтанья показал четырехрукую форму. Господь пришел к Каши Мишре и тот, упав Господу в стопы, предложил Ему всё — и самого себя и всё свое имущество. Господь показал ему свою четырехрукую форму и обнял Кашинатха. Шри Чайтанья был очень доволен жильем, которое Ему предоставил Каши Мишра (которое впоследствии стало известно как «Гамбхира»). Тогда Сарвабхаума сказал: сāрвабхаума кахе,-прабху, йогйа томāра вāсā | туми ан̇гӣкāра кара,-кāш́ӣ-миш́рера āш́ā || Сарвабхаума Бхаттачарья сказал: «Это место наилучшим образом подходит для Тебя. Пожалуйста, поселись здесь. Каши Мишра так надеется на это!» Каши Мишра в играх Кришны 5000 лет назад - это Кубджа, которой Кришна обещал вернуться назад и побыть в её доме, что он и исполнил как Кришна Чайтанья спустя 4500 лет в другом воплощении. Так же слышал, что Каши Мишра был пуджари Господа Джаганнатха и гуру царя Пратапарудры (воплощение Индры). Так же Каши Мишра участвовал в играх Господа Рамы как Шурпанакха (та самая, которой Лакшман в Рама-лиле отрезал нос и из-за которой случились события в Рамаяне, - https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Шурпанакха ). Выше на картинке показана другая шестирукая форма, которую Кришна Чайтанья показал примерно 500 лет назад другому своему спутнику Сарвабхауме Бхаттачарье. В ней объединены Кришна, Рама и Чайтанья. Сарвабхаума Бхатачарья, если я правильно запомнил, это воплощение Брихаспати, Гуру полубогов и управитель планеты Юпитер. По моим представлениям, разным спутникам Кришна Чайтанья показывал разные формы, потому что у каждого человека разные отношения с одной или несколькими формами Бхагавана. В современных гайдия-вайшнавских школах это знание утеряно (что возможны любовные отношения с несколькими формами Бога одновременно) или намеренно скрывается, что является проявлением сектантства. Это не то, чему учил на своем примере Кришна Чайтанья. В разных воплощениях одни и те же души развивают любовные чувства к разным формам Бога. И в духовном мире могут иметь несколько духовных форм для общения с разными формами Бога, но это уже эзотерика.
  5. 13 downloads

    Texts by Krishna: books. Language: English, Russian, Bengali, Malayalam, Kannada, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu. Format: pdf. Content: Тексты Кришны: книги. Язык: русский, английский, бенгали, малаялам, каннада, санскрит, тамильский, телугу. Формат: pdf. Содержание:

    Free

  6. 72 downloads

    "The Heart of Krishna" Author: Srila B.P. Puri Goswami. Language: English. Format: pdf. "Сердце Кришны" Автор: Шрила Б.П. Пури Госвами. Язык: Английский. Формат: pdf.

    Free

  7. Радхарани была как пленница, и Кришна не мог встретиться с Ней, Он сокрушался и вообще ничего не мог делать. Он вышел в поле с пастушками, и они сказали: "Давай играть!". Кришна ответил: "Ну ладно, играйте сами. Я не в настроении". Субала увидел это и был очень обеспокоен. И он сказал: "Ну, я все устрою, я приведу Радхарани из Явата к Тебе". Он отправился в Яват. Он вошел через главные ворота, а там его уже поджидала Джатила. Знаете, почему ее называют Джатила? У нее очень большой джат, большая копна волос. Ее волосы росли, и она их не мыла, и даже не расчесывала, просто оставляла так. И они все перемешались. Потом они еще добавляли масло, и смолой еще их смазывали, и так заворачивали волосы, и они поднимались вверх. На них выливали масло и смолу, и они становилось твердым: тук, тук, тук. Это называется джат. И она была Джатилой, у нее был лучший джат. И вот Джатила сидела в воротах Явата, и видела - вот идет Субала, самый лучший из друзей Кришны. Он, наверное, сейчас какой-то ерундой начнет заниматься. Она сказала: "Что тебе нужно?" "Мне?", сказал он - "Ну один мой теленок убежал. Он побежал в этом направлении. Может он куда-то сюда забежал? Могу я поискать здесь?". И Джатила сказала: "Ну ладно, только давай быстрее". Он вошел туда, встретился с Радхарани, и сказал: "Давай поменяемся одеждой. Ты наденешь мою одежду, а я одену Твою". Так они и сделали. И вот Субала был одет как гопи, а Радхарани оделась как пастушок. И он сказал Радхарани: "Возьми вот этого теленка и выйди, неся его перед собой". Радхарани взяла теленка, подняла его, прошла мимо Джатилы. Джатила сказала: "Ну что, нашел теленка?". Радхарани попробовала сымитировать голос Субалы: "Да, я нашел теленка". Но звучало все равно не очень убедительно, и Джатила спросила: "Что с тобой? Ты - Субал?" Радхарани ничего больше не говорила, просто покачала головой, причем спиной к Джатиле, и ушла как можно быстрее, переодетая в Субалу. А Субале на протяжении дня как-то нужно было там передвигаться. И когда бы на пути ни встречалась Джатила, он шел в другую сторону, постоянно спиной к Джатиле. Итак, Радхарани, одетая как Субал, пошла туда, где был Кришна. Но Кришна не знал, что это Радхарани. Он думал, что это Субал вернулся ни с чем. Кришна заплакал, а Радхарани, одетая в Субала, стала разговаривать с Кришной, имитируя голос Субалы. Она сказала: "Не плачь, не волнуйся об этом." Кришна спросил: "Что случилось с твоим голосом?" И Радхарани решила испытать Кришну. Поскольку, как вы знаете, есть своего рода соперничество между двумя группами гопи. Есть группа Радхарани - это главная группа, и так же есть группа Чандравали. Группа Чандравали не соперники группе Радхарани, но они пытаются. Чандравали постоянно пытается как-то пробраться и встретиться с Кришной, обмануть Радхарани. И вот, Радхарани решила испытать Кришну. Имитируя голос Субалы, она сказала: "Знаешь, мне так жаль, что я не смог привести к тебе Радхарани. Но на пути обратно я встретился с Чандравали. И я договорился, чтобы она пришла через пять минут и встретилась с Тобой. Это немножко смягчит Твое горе, что Ты не смог встретиться с Радхарани. Поэтому все нормально, сильно не волнуйся, не плач." Так Она испытывала Кришну. Она хотела посмотреть, как он отреагирует. Может он скажет: "Ну ладно, хорошо. Встречусь тогда с Чандравали". Но Кришна прошел этот тест. Он стал еще сильнее плакать. Он сказал: "Нет, я хочу встретиться только с Радхарани. Чандравали совсем не то. Я хочу только Радхарани." И тогда Радхарани, переодетая в Субала, повернулась к нему лицом. И Кришна увидел, что это Радхарани. И какое-то время они наслаждались очень экстатическими играми. Позже она вернулась домой, а Субал вернулся к Кришне.
  8. Tridandisvami Sri Srimad Bhaktivedanta Narayana Maharaja [in describing the many important pastimes that took place in this holy month of Kartika, which in turn establish the glory of Kartika, Srila Narayana Gosvami Maharaja discussed several verses from Srimad-Bhagavatam:] [in describing the many important pastimes that took place in this holy month of Kartika, which in turn establish the glory of Kartika, Srila Gurudeva discussed several verses from Srimad-Bhagavatam:] dhanyah sma mudha-gatayo 'pi harinya eta ya nanda-nandanam upatta-vicitra-vesam akarnya venu-ranitam saha-krsna-sarah pujam dadhur viracitam pranayavalokaih (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.21.11) It was during this month, while feeling separation from Krsna, that the gopis lamented, "We are not fortunate like the deer in this forest. People say they are foolish, but they are not so. We are foolish, because we don't know how to love Krsna like these deer. When prema is very high, it breaks all boundaries. These deer, although by nature very shy, have broken all boundaries by their intense love for Krsna. They gave up their shyness, they approached Him, and they are exchanging their hearts feelings with Him through their loving glances. We cannot do this, and therefore we are unfortunate. We will be lucky if we can die and take birth as deer in our next life. In that way we can see Krsna and approach Him when He is cow-grazing." In this month the gopis remembered that when Krsna plays on His flute in the forest, the cows become stunned. With eyes of transcendental emotions the gopis see both Krsna and the cows, and further lament in their mood of separation. They see that although it is the nature of animals to spend their time in eating, when Krsna plays His flute these cows forget to eat and instead pick up their ears to hear. Humans have very small ears, but cows have large ears, like cups. Through the cups of their ears these cows drink the nectar of Krsna's flute playing, and when they taste it they forget everything else. They have grass in their mouths, but they forget to chew. Even the calves, who were drinking the milk from the udders of their mothers, are like this. The milk is coming into their mouths, but they have forgotten to swallow. They simply stand with tears gliding down from their eyes, and they embrace Krsna in the core of their hearts. venugitaforgundicaThe love of the cows is not as high as that of the gopis, but due to the nature of their own prema, the gopis think the cows are greater. Those who are maha-bhagavatas, and what to say of maha-maha-bhagavatas like the gopis, see their own love and their own mood in all others. Yet they think, "I am unfortunate; I have no love." In this month, Sri Radhika lamented in separation: purnah pulindya urugaya-padabja-raga sri-kunkumena dayita-stana-manditena tad-darsana-smara-rujas trna-rusitena limpantya anana-kucesu jahus tad-adhim (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.21.16) ["The aboriginal women of the Vrndavana area become disturbed by lust when they see the grass marked with reddish kunkuma powder. Endowed with the color of Krsna's lotus feet, this powder originally decorated the breasts of His beloveds, and when the aboriginal women smear it on their faces and breasts, they feel fully satisfied and give up all their anxiety."] This is an example of Radhika's madanakhya-mahabhava (the highest ecstatic love for Krsna). Here She glorifies the aboriginal girls who live in the forest, and She says that they are lucky – whereas She is not. In the morning time, when they walk around Giriraja Govardhana, they see some red kunkuma powder on the grass and go to pick it up. This kunkuma came from the lotus feet of Krsnacandra when He was returning home in the early morning on the damp grass, but it originally came from the breasts of His beloved. The Pulindi girls think themselves to be very fortunate to obtain this kunkuma. Simply by their smelling the fragrance, Krsna appears in their hearts, and then they smear that kunkuma paste all over their bodies and faces and thus meet with Krsna in their hearts. There He fulfills all their desires. Radhika is thinking that these Pulindi girls are fortunate, but more fortunate is the grass because it was directly touched by Krsna's feet. Even more fortunate is that beloved gopi from whose breasts this kunkuma has come. That gopi is Radhika Herself, but because of Her madanakya-mahabhava she forgets this – and instead glorifies others. Govardhana-puja also took place in this month. All the Vrajavasis worshiped Giriraja Govardhana and performed Annakuta Mahotsava. Seeing this, Indra became very angry and created torrential rain, and Krsna cut away his pride. In this month, Indra came and worshiped Krsna after his pride was cut, all the demigods performed kirtana, and Krsna received the name Govinda. Saradiya rasa-lila was also performed in this month. As stated in Srimad-Bhagavatam: sri-badarayanir uvaca bhagavan api ta ratrih saradotphulla-mallikah viksya rantum manas cakre yoga-mayam upasritah (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.29.1) ["Sri Badarayani said: Sri Krsna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, full in all opulences. Yet upon seeing those autumn nights scented with blossoming jasmine flowers, He turned His mind toward loving affairs. To fulfill His purposes He employed His internal potency."] Although Krsna is Bhagavan, and although He is atmarama (taking pleasure within) and aptakam (fully satisfied), in this month He became inspired by the beauty of the Vrndavana forest. There, in the middle of the night, He left his home and took shelter of Yogamaya: drstva kumudvantam akhanda-mandalam ramananabham nava-kunkumarunam vanam ca tat-komala-gobhi ranjitam jagau kalam vama-drsam manoharam (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.29.3) ["Lord Krsna saw the unbroken disk of the full moon glowing with the red effulgence of newly applied vermilion, as if it were the face of the goddess of fortune. He also saw the kumuda lotuses opening in response to the moon's presence and the forest gently illumined by its rays. Thus the Lord began to play sweetly on His flute, attracting the minds of the beautiful-eyed gopis."] He began to play on His flute, and the flute sound entered the hearts of the Vraja gopis. They became mugdha, completely bewildered and, forgetting everything else, they ran into the forest to meet with Him. In this month, the gopis who were locked inside their homes were brought to Krsna by a mood of their very strong fire of separation from Krsna. By this viraha-tap, any imperfection in the moods of those who did not yet have sufficient association with the nitya-siddha gopis was completely burned away. By deeply meditating in intense separation they at once met with Krsna in their hearts and embraced Him. These sweet pastimes took place in this month. In this month the gopis saw the footprints of Radhika and said: anayaradhito nunam bhagavan harir isvarah yan no vihaya govindah prito yam anayad rahah (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.30.28) ["Certainly this particular gopi has perfectly worshiped the all-powerful Personality of Godhead, Govinda, since He was so pleased with Her that He abandoned the rest of us and brought Her to a secluded place."] "This gopi, whom Krsna has taken alone into the forest, leaving all the rest of us, is most fortunate." In this way, all the Vraja gopis give honor to Srimati Radhika in this month. When Krsna disappeared from rasa-lila, the gopis cried and sang in separation the verses from Gopi-gita. One example is as follows: tava kathamrtam tapta-jivanam kavibhir iditam kalmasapaham sravana-mangalam srimad atatam bhuvi grnanti ye bhuri-da janah (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.31.9) ["The nectar of Your words and the descriptions of Your activities are the life and soul of those suffering in this material world. These narrations, transmitted by learned sages, eradicate one's sinful reactions and bestow good fortune upon whoever hears them. These narrations are broadcast all over the world and are filled with spiritual power. Certainly those who spread the message of Godhead are most munificent."] This verse is so sweet and powerful that when Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu heard it from the lotus mouth of Maharaja Prataparudra, He told him, "You have given me so many valuable jewels. I have nothing to give you in return; I have only have my self, so I am embracing you." When Mahaprabhu embraced Prataparudra Maharaja, the bhavas and sweet meanings of the verses of Gopi-gita manifested in his heart. In this month Krsna told the gopis of Vrndavana: na paraye 'ham niravadya-samyujam sva-sadhu-krtyam vibudhayusapi vah ya mabhajan durjara-geha-srnkhalah samvrscya tad vah pratiyatu sadhuna (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.30.22) ["I am not able to repay My debt for your spotless service, even within a lifetime of Brahma. Your connection with Me is beyond reproach. You have worshiped Me, cutting off all domestic ties, which are difficult to break. Therefore please let your own glorious deeds be your compensation."] Krsna said, "O My dear gopis, you have left all other obligations, including your families, and all other dharmas for me. This is very difficult to give up, but you have left all this for my happiness only. Therefore, even if I have a lifetime as long as Brahma, and even if I will serve you for many such lifetimes, still I would not be able to repay you. I would always be indebted to you for the love you have given me." After describing these pastimes of Rasa-lila and Gopi-gita, Srila Sukadeva Gosvamipada stated: vikriditam vraja-vadhubhir idam ca visnoh sraddhanvito 'nusrnuyad atha varnayed yah bhaktim param bhagavati pratilabhya kamam hrd-rogam asv apahinoty acirena dhirah (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.33.39) ["Anyone who faithfully hears or describes the Lord's playful affairs with the young gopis of Vrndavana will attain the Lord's pure devotional service. Thus he will quickly become sober and conquer lust, the disease of the heart."] Bhagavan Sri Krsna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, He is transcendental and His katha (descriptions of His glories and pastimes) is very powerful. Of all types of such katha, the katha of His servants is more powerful, the katha of his friends is more powerful, the katha of his parents in vatsalya-bhava is still more powerful, and the katha of His sporting with the young brides of Vraja is the highest and most powerful katha. It is so powerful that if even a fallen or sinful person hears it with faith, it can purify him. If one understands this and hears this katha, gopi-prema must enter into that person's heart, kick aside all anarthas, and turn him into a parama-bhagavata, topmost devotee. aristaIn this month, Krsna killed the demon Sankasura and cut the jewel from his forehead. He then entered the company of all the gopis, who were all wondering to whom He would give that jewel. Krsna was thinking, "If I give the jewel to one, the others will be upset." Therefore, to avoid an argument among the gopis, Krsna gave the jewel to Baladeva Prabhu, who gave it to Madhumangala, who gave it to Srimati Radhika. In this month Krsna killed Aristasura, and as a result of that killing Radha Kunda and Syama Kunda were manifest. That pastime took place today, (Oct 28th) and this holy day is called Bahulastami. In this month, Krsna killed the demons Kesi and Vyomasura, and in this month Akrura came to Vraja and took Krsna and Balarama to Mathura. Krsna also killed Kamsa in this month. In this month Krsna and Balarama performed the upanaya-sanskara (sacred thread ceremony). Because they had been brought up in Vraja, they have the mood that, "I am a cowherd boy and Mother Yasoda and Nanda Baba are My parents." However, Vasudeva and Devaki think, "We are the real parents of Krsna. It is part of the Vedic tradition that parents arrange for the upanaya-sanskara of their child, so if we arrange this function for Krsna, the impression will come in his heart that, "Vasudeva and Devaki are My parents." They tried to do this, but they failed. Krsna had already received the Radha mantra from Bhaguri Rsi. He received this mantra when He was in Vraja, but at that time He had no upanaya-sanskara. His upanaya-sanskara was performed in Mathura according to the duties of ksatryas. Gargacarya gave Krsna the brahma-gayatri mantra, and when Krsna heard this mantra He fainted. Why? Radhika is the predominating deity of gayatri. Then, after His fire yajna, Krsna was looking for his mother and called out, "O Mother, where are you?" Devaki was standing near Him, but Krsna did not approach her – for He was looking for Mother Yasoda. In this way, although the Mathuravasis made the plan to give Krsna the sanskana that He is the son of Vasudeva and Devaki, it failed. This pastime took place in this month. Sri Narada Rsi received the benediction from Krsna that those who will hear His sweet lila-katha in the places of His pastimes, especially during this Kartika month, will surely attain krsna-prema very soon. We should therefore have confidence; we need never become hopeless. We should know that by performing all these simple activities – offering a ghee lamp every day, attending mangal-arati, performing kirtana, singing Sri Damodarastakam, doing parikrama, offering maha-prasada, observing Annukuta Mahotsava, hearing hari-katha in all the pastime places – there is no doubt about success. It is only a question of time, and that time will not be very long. We will attain Krsna-prema and thus serve Radha-Krsna Yugala.
  9. Mathura, India: September 4, 2003 Tridandisvami Sri Srimad Bhaktivedanta Narayana Gosvami Maharaja 5 [You may have read Srila Gurudeva's commentaries on Srila Jayadeva Gosvami's Mangalam-gitam, including one which he spoke on this year's Janmastami Day, August 20, 2003. Each commentary has been simultaneously one and different. Here is a commentary, given on Sri Radhastami Day, two weeks later. Here again, by the manifestation of the mercy of Srimati Radhika in the heart of Srila Maharaja, ever-new meanings are revealed.] Sri Jayadeva Gosvami knows in his heart that the best prayers to Sri Krsna Bhagavan are those which glorify Him in relationship to the gopis, and especially in relation to Srimati Radhika. He therefore begins this kirtana with the words "srita-kamalakuca-mandala! dhrta-kundala! e." Lord Krsna is the foundation, sustainer and basis for the entire universe and for all living entities. His name, form, qualities and pastimes are all incomparable, there is nothing equal or greater to His glories, and all living entities take shelter of Him. In this connection however, "srita-kamalakuca-mandala" - Krsna is taking shelter of the breast of Srimati Radhika. The word Kamala generally means Srimati Laksmidevi; the goddess of fortune; yet here it does not refer to Laksmidevi but to Srimati Radhika. Laksmidevi has no relation with Vrajendra-nandana Syamasundara. Srimati Radhika carries a lotus in Her hand, and therefore Her name is Kamala. When Sri Krsna is about to go to the forest for cow-grazing, surrounded by His many thousands of cows and friends, Srimati Radhika and Her sakhis stand some distance away and perform His arcana ø not with paraphernalia but by their loving sidelong glances. At that time, catching the arrow of Srimati Radhika's glance, Krsna becomes unconscious. Srila Prabhodhananda Sarasvati Thakura has explained in Sri Radha-rasa-sudha-nidhi (39): venum karan nipatitam skhalitam sikhandam bhrastam ca pita-vasanam vrajaraja-sunoh yasyah kataksa-sara-ghata-vimurcchitasya tam radhikam paricarami kada rasena ["As Krsna was on His way to go cow-herding, Radhika threw a sidelong glance at Him, which pierced Him like an arrow. It went straight into His heart, and at once His vamsi fell from His hands."] Sri Krsna begins to faint due to being shot by the arrow of Srimati Radhika's glance. At that time, as He begins to fall to the ground, He takes help from Madhumangala to stand up. By remembering Krsna's form, qualities and pastimes all the living entities in the universe can find satisfaction and fulfillment; but how will He find satisfaction and fulfillment? His happiness lies in His remembrance of the name, form, qualities and pastimes of Srimati Radhika. This is the meaning of "srita-kamalakuca-mandala!" "Dhrta-kundala e." Krsna wears kundala, earrings, and the embodiment of His earrings is the glories of Srimati Radhika. Srila Rupa Gosvami's Ujjvala-nilamani states, "To increase the beauty of Krsna, may this grantha (scripture) be like an ujjvala-nilamani, a jewel on His shark-shaped earrings." "Kalita-lalita-vanamala." Kalita means very beautiful and astonishing, and it refers to Krsna's garland of forest flowers. That garland is made by Srimati Radhika from beli, cameli and juhi flowers, and also from tulsi leaves and manjaris, and it extends from His neck down to His feet. This vana-mala is surrounded by hundreds of bees singing Srimati Radhika's glories, and in this way it is made of Srimati Radhika's glories. "Dina-mani-mandala-mandana! bhava-khandana! e." The general meaning is that Krsna is the ornament decorating this universe which is beautiful when Krsna is present within it. Bhava-khandana refers to that person, Sri Krsna, who puts an end to material existence, and one's material existence will be terminated by remembering Him. "Dina-mani" means the sun. In the brahma-gayatri it is indicated: I mediate on that personality who is the effulgence of the Supreme Lord, and who is honored by the sun. The sun gives light and life to this world, but it is not the root cause. Just as the moon gives light but that light is reflected from the sun, the light and energy and life of the sun comes from para-sakti Srimati Radharani. This is explained in the brahma-gayatri mantra by the words bhargo devasya dhimahi. Devasya refers to Bhagavan Sri Krsna and bargo means power. Krsna's supreme power is Srimati Radhika. Srimati Radharani is Rasesvari, the controller of rasa-lila. Sri Krsna is not actually the controller (Rasesvara). If He is present with all the gopis in the rasa-lila and Srimati Radharani is not there, that rasa-lila cannot continue. "Dina-mani-mandala" also means that Lord Krsna is the dina-mani; the jewel in the rasa-mandala. When Srimati Radharani leaves rasa-lila Krsna feels separation. Here bhava-khandana does not mean that Krsna breaks material existence, but rather that His own separation is only broken by the association of Srimati Radharani. "Muni-jana-manasa-hamsa" the general meaning is that Krsna is a hamsa, swan, who plays upon the cool lake of the hearts of the munis who meditate on Him. "Jaya jaya deva hare" - all glories many times over to that Krsna. The deep meaning is that muni refers to Srila Sukadeva Gosvami because the pastimes of Srimati Radhika breaking the separation of Sri Krsna appeared in his heart. Krsna is like a swan in the heart of the munis, but Srimati Radhika is more prominently in their hearts. When Srila Sukadeva Gosvami spoke Srimad-Bhagavatam he established the subject matter with verses glorifying Srimati Radhika, and this is the evidence that the ultimate subject matter of the Srimad-Bhagavatam is the glory of Srimati Radhika. Krsna Himself states there: na paraye 'ham niravadya-samyujam sva-sadhu-krtyam vibudhayusapi vah ya mabhajan durjara-geha-srnkhalah samvrscya tad vah pratiyatu sadhana ["O gopis, I am not able to repay My debt for your spotless service, even within a lifetime of Brahma. Your connection with Me is beyond reproach. You have worshiped Me, cutting off all domestic ties, which are difficult to break. Therefore please let your own glorious deeds be your compensation. (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.32.22)] Muni also refers to Srila Jayadeva Gosvami himself, and also to the four Kumaras, because they always keep the asta-kaliya-lila of Sri Sri Radha and Krsna in the core of their hearts. It also refers to Lord Sankaraji because he as well is absorbed in the asta-kaliya-lila of Srimati Radhika. Therefore, "jaya jaya deva! hare" - all glories to the istadevi, worshipful deity of Sri Jayadeva Gosvami, Srimati Radharani. sri-jayadeva-kaver idam kurute mudam mangalam-ujjvala-gitam jay jaya deva! hare (verse 9) Sri Jayadeva Gosvami completed his song with the words, "mangalam-ujjvala-gitam. Is this said for Sri Krsna or for someone else? This is only said for Srimati Radharani. This song is actually unnata-ujjvala gitam; unnata-ujjvala is the loving mood of Srimati Radharani in paramour love. Unnata-ujjvala-rasa applies to Srimati Radharani, not to Lord Krsna. Krsna tastes this rasa, He is its object, but its origin and reservoir is Srimati Radharani. Therefore, in his conclusion, Srila Jayadeva Gosvamis is again offering pranama to his worshipful deity, Srimati Radhika. Krsna does not have the unnata-ujjvala mood; only Radhika has it, and for this mood He performed many austerities and took His birth as Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Unnata-ujjvala-gitam is therefore the kirtana of the glories and mood of Srimati Radhika, the worshipful deity of Srila Jayadeva Gosvami. [The assembled devotees then chanted Sri Radha-Krpa-Kataksa-Stava-Raja and Sri Nanda-Nandanastakam, after which Srila Maharajaji again revealed more meanings.] ananti-koti-visnu-loka-namra-padmajarcite himadrija-pulomaja-virincaja-vara-prade apara-siddhi-rddhi-digdha-sat-padanguli-nakhe kada karisyasiha mama krpa-kataksa-bhajanam? "You are worshiped by Sri Lakmi, the goddess of unlimited millions of Vaikuntha planets. Sri Parvati, Indrani (Indra's wife) and Sarasvati all worship and attain benedictions from You. Meditation on even one of Your toenails grants an infinite variety of perfections ø O Srimati Radhike, when, oh when will You bestow upon me Your merciful sidelong glance?" (Sri Radha-Krpa-Kataksa-Stava-Raja verse 11)] makhesvari! kriyesvari svadhesvari suresvari triveda-bharatisvari pramana-sasanesvari ramesvari! ksamesvari pramoda-kananesvari vrajesvari vrajadhipe sri radhike namo 'stu te "You are the mistress of all kinds of sacrifices (especially of the topmost yugala-milana-yajna); of all actions (since You are the root of all potencies - mula-sakti-tattva); of the mantras uttered at yajnas and of the sacrificial offering presented to the demigods; of all the demigods; of the words of the three Vedas; of the enforcement of all scriptural principles; of Sri Rama-devi (the goddess of fortune); of Sri Ksama-devi (the goddess of forgiveness); and especially of the delightful kunjas in Vrndavana. When will You mercifully make me Your dasi and grant me the qualification to render service in Your amorous pastimes with the prince of Vraja? O Srimati Radhika, owner and maintainer of Vraja! I offer pranama unto You time and again. Srimati Radhika is worshiped in countless universes by all great personalities, such as Himadrija, who is born of the Himalaya Mountain and is therefore Parvati devi, Pulomaja,who is Sacidevi, the wife of King Indra, and Virincaja, who is Sarasvati or Gayatri, the wife of Lord Brahma. Srimati Radhika is worshippable for all of them, and therefore, leaving behind the worship of all others, one should worship Srimati Radhika. "Apara-siddhi-rddhi-digdha-sat-padanguli-nakhe." All potencies and all types of perfection emanate from the effulgence or rays of just one toe-nail of Srimati Radhika. As explained earlier, in this kirtanas She is called "Ramesvari! Ksamesvari Pramoda-kananesvari." She is Rasesvari, the controller of rasa-lila. Sri Krsna is the son of the King of Vraja, Srimati Radhika controls Him by Her love and she is therefore also addressed herein as Vrajadhipe. vrajangana-sunayakam sada sukha-pradayakam jagan-manah pralobhanam namami nanda-nandanam (Sri Nanda-Nandanastakam verse 8) [i offer pranama to Sri Nanda-nandana, who as the lover of the Vraja gopis perpetually delights them and who enchants the minds of all living entities.] "Vrajangana" means the angina, gopis, of Vrndavana, and among them Srimati Radhika is most prominent. "Sunayakam" means that Sri Krsna, in His form of dhira-lalita-nayaka, is under the control of Srimati Radhika. "Sada sukha-pradayakam." The general meaning is that Lord Krsna gives happiness to everyone, and the special meaning is that Srimati Radhika gives happiness to Him. "Jagan-manah pralobhanam." Sri Krsna awakens greed for prema-bhakti within the hearts of everyone. Sri Radha-Krpa-Kataksa-Stava-Raja is sung to give Him happiness, and singing Sri Nanda-Nadanastakam is sung to give happiness to Sri Radha.By singing the glories of Krsna one can attain the lotus feet of Srimati Radharani and by singing Her glories one can attain His lotus feet. Srila Narottama dasa Thakura writes: krsna-nama gane bhai, radhika-carana pai radha-nama gane krsnacandra ["O brother, by chanting Krsna's name you will attain Sri Radha, and by chanting Sri Radha's name you will attain Krsnacandra." (Sri-Radha-Nistha verse 4)] Still, Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura prays, radha-paksa chadi, je-jana se-jana, je bhave se-bhave thake ami to' Radhika-paksa-pati sada, kabhu nahi heri ta'ke ["I am always in Srimati Radhika's entourage and never look upon the faces of those who are against Her, no matter who they are or what their mood is." (Vrsabhanu-Suta verse 4)] This consideration is called rupanaga-vicara, the deliberation of the conception of those who perform bhajana in the footsteps of Sri Rupa Manjari: "I always take the side of Srimati Radharani." We discussed on Sri Janmastami Day that Srila Jayadeva Gosvami concluded his song by praying, "May that Srimati Radharani, the embodiment of unnata-ujjvala-rasa, bestow Her mercy and bring about auspiciousness to all living entities." Similarly, on this day of Sri Radhastami, I pray that Srimati Radhika will bring about auspiciousness to all of you.
  10. By Sri Srimad Bhaktivedanta Narayana Gosvami Maharaja [september 28, 2014 (In India) is the divine appearance day of Parama-pujyapada Srila Bhakti Pramoda Puri Gosvami Maharaja. In 2001, Srila Bhaktivedanta Narayana Gosvami Maharaja dictated this presentation in Hindi, and it was translated by Sripad Madhava-priya brahmacari.] PuriMahAll glories to Sri Sri Guru and Gauranga The following is a holy heartfelt offering (puspanjali) at the lotus feet of Parampujyapada astottara-sata Sri Srimad Bhakti Pramoda Puri Gosvami Maharaja in his divine remembrance: In November of 1946, I left my home and came to Sri Devananda Gaudiya Matha in Sri Dhama Navadvipa. After a short time, in 1947, at the end of Sri Navadvipa Dhama Parikrama, which was held on the occasion of the divine appearance of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, I took shelter at the lotus feet of my most beloved om visnupada astottara-sata Sri Srimad Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Gosvami Maharaja. He made my life successful by initiating me with harinama and diksa initiations. After celebrating the holy festival of Gaura Purnima and Sri Dhama Parikrama, I accompanied Gurudeva to one of the branches of Sri Gaudiya Vedanta Samiti, namely Sri Uddharana Gaudiya Matha in Chinchurah. It was there, at Sri Uddharana Gaudiya Matha, that I had the audience of Parampujyapada astottara-sata Sri Srimad Bhakti Pramoda Puri Gosvami's lotus feet for the first time. He had already accepted the renounced order on March 3, 1947 at Sri Gaura-Gadadhara Matha in Campahatti, from nitya-lila pravista om visnupada astottara-sata Srila Bhakti Gaurava Vaikhanas Maharaja, one of the prominent sannyasa disciples of jagad-guru Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Prabhupada. I was very impressed by my meeting with him, and my most beloved Gurudeva, Sri Srila Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Gosvami Maharaja, engaged me in his service. Every day I used to go with him to take bath in the Ganges nearby, carrying his outer garment, kaupin and kamandalu (water pot). After bathing, I carried his wet clothes and kamandalu, now filled with water, back to our Matha, and then I fed him prasadam. Moreover, I obeyed the many instructions he used to kindly give me on various occasions. I submissively put so many questions before him, and he used to reply to all my inquiries with great affection. During our discussions in those days, he used to tell me some things about his life history. His name was previously Pramoda Bhusana. His parents were religious and from the brahmana (Cakravarti) caste. He took birth on October 8, 1898 in the village of Gangananda Pura in the district of Jessore, in the present-day Bangladesa. From his very childhood he was fond of hari-kirtana, chanting the Lord's holy names. He felt so much pleasure in hearing hari-kirtana that sometimes he would become forgetful of his bodily condition. During his student life, he met a Gaudiya Vaisnava named Sri Bhaktiratnakara Thakura. Sri Bhaktiratnakara Thakura was the first person to introduce him to the books of Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura. After receiving the books he studied them thoroughly, and then he began to read Sri Caitanya-caritamrta in the association of that Vaisnava. After completing his B.Sc. degree at Calcutta University, he wanted to continue his education, but the burden of maintaining his family fell on his shoulders. He unwillingly left his studies and accepted employment at the Post Commission in Calcutta. It was during that period that he met jagad-guru nitya-lila pravista om visnupada Sri Srimad Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Prabhupada and was deeply influenced by hearing his powerful hari-katha. In 1923, on the auspicious occasion of Sri Krsna Janmastami, he received diksa from Srila Prabhupada at Ultadanga Gaudiya Matha and was given the name Sri Pranavananda Brahmacari. Srila Prabhupada Sarasvati Thakura was immensely satisfied by his steadiness, full surrender, loving service endowed with bhava, and especially his art of writing. Therefore, he gave him the responsibility of managing sankirtana, preaching, hari-katha, publishing the Dainika Nadia Prakasa, and writing articles for Sri Gaudiya Matha's journals. For the service of the brhad-mrdanga (book publication), Srila Puri Maharaja stayed in various places like Calcutta, Krsna Nagar, and Mayapura. For the sake of preaching gaura-vani, the message of Gaurasundara, he traveled not only throughout Bengal, but also to many places throughout India, and he met with great success. He sometimes traveled with his Gurudeva, Srila Prabhupada, and sometimes with the senior intimate sannyasa disciples of Srila Prabhupada. In this way he served his Gurudeva by internal, mano'bhista seva, fulfilling his innermost cherished desires. After the disappearance of Srila Prabhupada, Srila Bhakti Pramoda Puri Gosvami Maharaja stayed for a few months with my beloved Gurupadapadma Sri Srila Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Gosvami Maharaja, Srila Bhakti Dayita Madhava Gosvami Maharaja, Srila Bhakti Raksaka Sridhara Gosvami Maharaja, and other god-brothers. I had a wonderful opportunity to serve him and hear his hari-katha during that period. He had so much affection for me that he used to consider me his disciple, and I used to respect him as I respected my Gurudeva. On numerous occasions he blessed me with abundant kindness. Once, when we were at Chinchurah Matha, we went together for bathing in the Ganga. I was carrying his cloth and water-pot, and also my own lota (cup) that I still had from my previous home life. I put them down on the ghata and we both entered the water of Bhagavati Bhagirathi for bathing. After bathing I found that my lota was gone. It had been carried away by the waves of the Ganga, which was very near the ocean at that place. Pujyacarana Puri Maharaja smiled and said, "You left your home, family, wife, son and wealth to become a renounced Vaisnava, so what need is there to be attached to a lota?" I was also smiling. Taking his wet clothes and water-pot, we returned to the matha. As long as he was present, every time we met he used to remind me of this pastime, and I also cannot forget the mercy he showed to me throughout my life. After a long time, Prapujya-carana Srila Puri Gosvami Maharaja was given the responsibility of serving the Deity of Sri Ananta Vasudeva of Kalna. The King of Vardhman was unable to serve this Deity. When he observed the pure disposition and devotion of Srila Puri Gosvami Maharaja, he was immensely impressed and offered the service of Ananta Vasudeva to him. Later, Srila Puri Maharaja took charge of the temple along with his disciples. I also went to have his audience there many times at Kalna. I always saw him busy in writing. His pen never stopped. He used to spend every moment in writing articles about pure bhakti, whenever a chance came after completing his fixed number of rounds of harinama, serving the Deity, and studying the sastras. He also used to submit many articles to the journals of different Gaudiya Mathas. Especially, he was the editor-in-chief of "Sri Caitanya Vani", the journal of Srila Bhakti Dayita Madhava Gosvami Maharaja's Matha. sppgm and gurudevaIn the last years of his life, he stayed in Sridhama Mayapura, where he established Sri Gopinatha Gaudiya Matha at Isodyana. In the last stage of his life he stayed at Bankim Muhana Cakratirtha in Sri Purusottama Dhama. Finally, he entered into nitya-lila on November 22, 1999, at 2.07 am. Whenever I used to go to Sridhama Vrndavana, Sridhama Mayapura, or Calcutta, I had the good fortune to have the audience of his lotus feet. At that time I used to present to him whatever new publications we had produced from our Matha in the Hindi language, such as Jaiva Dharma, Caitanya Siksamrta, the Teachings of Sriman Mahaprabhu, Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura's Bindu, Kirana and Kana, Upadesamrta, Manah Siksa, Raga Vartma Candrika and also some English publications. He was delighted to receive all these books from me, and in return he inspired and instructed me to publish more books of the Gaudiya Vaisnava philosophy. Whenever we would meet he would ask, "What new publications are coming in Hindi?" He was present to pacify us at the time our beloved Gurudeva entered into nitya-lila and also when the Samadhi Mandira was established at Sri Devananda Gaudiya Matha. During his visit, he told us with a melting heart, "Vinoda Da (Srila Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Gosvami Maharaja) was very affectionate to us. Whenever we knew that Vinoda Da was not in Mayapura, we would also cancel our scheduled program to visit Mayapura." He said that there was no one as warmly affectionate as Vinoda Da. In this way, Srila Puri Gosvami Maharaja was fully surrendered and one of the internal associates of Srila Prabhupada. At the time of performing kirtana and giving lectures he would close his eyes, which were brimming with tears, being incessantly immersed in the bhava of bhakti. He would express such deep realizations while discussing bhakti-tattva and rasa-tattva that his whole audience would be enchanted. He was the embodiment of Sriman Mahaprabhu's verse, "trnad api sunicena" (more humble than a blade of grass). He was a topmost self-realized devotee and always deeply appreciative of others' merit. Until this very day, I never saw him criticize anyone, and he even used to give inspiration and respect to this insignificant person who is thoroughly bereft of bhakti. I often saw him walking with his danda, traveling barefoot in Navadvipa Dhama and eighty-four krosa Vraja Mandala Parikrama. Even in his advanced age, I saw him doing parikrama, without eating and drinking, and always singing kirtanas and speaking hari-katha. I went to see him almost one month and fifteen days prior to his divine disappearance. At that time he was not speaking at all and he kept his eyes closed. I caught hold of his lotus feet and said, "I am your most insignificant servant, Narayana Maharaja." Upon hearing this, he caught both of my hands in his and gave me his blessings. Then he ordered his servants to give me prasadam. I do not know if he spoke to anyone else again after that moment. He entered into nitya-lila at the age of 101 years. He was expert in all siddhanta and a pure devotee in the line of Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Prabhupada, and I felt so much inspiration from his blessings and instructions. Now, after his entrance into the divine transcendental pastimes of the Lord, I am bereft of the touch of that hand which used to confer upon me profuse blessings and inspiration, and thus I feel a profound sadness in his absence. In this way I am offering sri sri puspanjali at the lotus feet of such a parama-niskincana (topmost renunciate) mahabhagavata (most superior devotee), Sri Sri Bhakti Pramoda Puri Gosvami Maharaja. May he be pleased to shower his causeless mercy upon me. Vaisnava krpalesaprarthi, Tridandisvami Bhaktivedanta Narayana Maharaja

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